文章摘要
叶 俊ꎬ张俊杰.国安 U18 足球运动员比赛高强度跑动能力研究[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2021,35(1):109-115.
国安 U18 足球运动员比赛高强度跑动能力研究
Study on Intensive Running Ability of Guo′an U18 Football Players
  
DOI:
中文关键词: U18ꎻ青年ꎻ足球比赛ꎻ高强度ꎻ跑动能力
英文关键词: U18ꎻ youthꎻ football matchꎻ intensiveꎻ running ability
基金项目:安徽省教育厅 2020 级省级质量工程项目(2020mooc465)?全国教育科学规划“十三五”项目(ELA170479)?
作者单位
叶 俊ꎬ张俊杰 淮北师范大学体育学院ꎬ安徽 淮北 235000ꎻ2.中国民航大学体育工作部ꎬ天津 300300 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]研究国安 U18 足球运动员全场、上下半场、不同位置和胜负场的比赛高强度跑动特征ꎬ探究我国优秀青年足球 运动员的高强度跑动能力ꎬ为青年足球运动员的选材、培养和科学研究提供一份参考依据ꎮ [方法]选取共 10 场 2017 赛季 U18 精英联赛和锦标赛的国安队员(n = 16 名)高强度跑动指标作为研究对象ꎬ筛选高强度跑距离、加减速次数等指标对比分 析足球运动员高强度跑动表现特征ꎮ [结果] (1)在全场高强度跑动距离和加减速次数方面ꎬ国安 U18 队员分别为 344.4± 125.6 m、63.4±11.7 次和 79.7±18.5 次ꎻ(2)国安 U18 队员上半场每分钟跑动距离明显高于下半场(P<0.01)ꎬ上半场高速跑距 离占比高于下半场(P<0.05)ꎬ平均速度上半场明显高于下半场(P<0.01)ꎻ(3)从高强度跑动距离来看ꎬ各位置从低到高依次 为:中前卫<中后卫<中锋<边前卫<边后卫ꎬ中前卫和中后卫明显低于边后卫、边前卫和中锋(P<0.05)ꎬ中后卫和中前卫之间 以及边后卫、边前卫和前锋之间不存在统计学意义ꎮ [结论](1)与上半场数据相比ꎬ国安 U18 队员下半场高强度跑动表现没 有明显下降ꎻ(2)国安 U18 边路位置队员和前锋的高强度跑动数据明显高于中前卫和中后卫ꎬ因此ꎬ不同位置角色是影响高强 度跑动特征差异性的因素之一ꎻ(3)国安 U18 队员比赛高强度跑动表现与比赛结果之间未发现较大关联性ꎮ
英文摘要:
      [Objective]Study on intensive running characteristics of Guoan U18 football players in the whole gameꎬ in the first and second half of the gameꎬ at different positions and in winning and losing gamesꎬ and study of intensive running a ̄ bilities of outstanding young football players in Chinaꎬ so as to provide a reference for the selectionꎬ training and scientific study of young football players. [Methods] Intensive running indexes of Guo′an players ( n = 16) in 10 games of Year 2017′s U18 elite leagues and championships were selected as the research objectsꎬ and the intensive running distanceꎬ ac ̄ celeration and deceleration and other indexes were selected to compare and analyze football players′performance character ̄ istics in intensive running. [Results]1.In intensive running distance and times of acceleration and decelerationꎬ Guo′an U18 players were 344.4±125.6ꎬ11.7ꎬ79.7±18.5ꎬ respectively. 2.The running distance per minute of Guo′an U18 players in the first half was significantly longer than that in the second half (P<0.01)ꎻ the proportion of high-speed running dis ̄ tance in the first half is higher than that in the second half (P<0.05)ꎬ and the average speed in the first half is signifi ̄ cantly higher than that in the second half (P<0.01). 3.Regarding intensive running distanceꎬ the order of positions from low to high was:center mid-fielder< center back < center forward <outside mid-fielder< full backꎬ and the center forward and center back were significantly lower than those at the side position and center forward (P<0.05). There is no statisti ̄ cal significance between the center back and the center forwardꎬ and between the full backꎬ the edge forward and the for ̄ ward. [Conclusion] 1.Compared with data in the first halfꎬ Guo′an U18 players did not significantly decline in intensive running performance in the second half. 2.Guo′an U18 side position and center forward′s intensive running data is signifi ̄ cantly higher than that of the center mid-fielder and the center backꎬthereforeꎬ different positions′ roles are one of the fac ̄ tors that affect the difference of intensive running characteristics. 3.Guo′an U18 players′intensive running abilities are not significantly correlated with the game results.
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