文章摘要
邵梦霓ꎬ游永豪ꎬ李佳锡ꎬ周 怡ꎬ邵显志.大学生手机依赖与体育认知行为的关系及对策分析[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2021,35(1):104-108.
大学生手机依赖与体育认知行为的关系及对策分析
Analysis of the Relationship between College Students′ Smart Phone Dependence and Sports Cognition and Behavior and the Solutions
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 手机依赖ꎻ体育认知行为ꎻ大学生ꎻ体育活动等级
英文关键词: smar phone dependenceꎻ sports cognition and behaviorꎻ college studentsꎻ sports activity
基金项目:2020 年度合肥师范学院省级科研平台专项项目(2020PT30)?
作者单位
邵梦霓ꎬ游永豪ꎬ李佳锡ꎬ周 怡ꎬ邵显志 1.合肥师范学院体育科学学院ꎬ安徽 合肥 230601ꎻ2.皖西学院体育学院ꎬ安徽 六安 230012 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]探索高校学生手机依赖程度和体育认知行为之间的关系ꎮ [方法]应用体育认知和体育行为问卷、手机依赖问 卷对高校 686 名大学生进行调查研究和数据分析ꎮ [结果](1)大学生的体育认知行为普遍得分较低ꎬ表现为对体育锻炼的喜 爱程度较低ꎬ大多数喜欢在晚餐后到睡前锻炼ꎬ整体体育活动等级较低ꎬ处于小运动量水平ꎮ 其中体育活动水平女生明显低 于男生ꎬ文科生明显低于理科生和艺体生ꎬ生源地是县城的学生活动量明显低于城市学生ꎬ大二年级的学生活动量最高、大四 年级的学生活动量最低ꎮ (2)大学生普遍具有中等以上手机依赖行为ꎬ但无明显的性别、专业、生源地的差异性ꎮ 其中大二的 手机依赖程度最高ꎬ大一学生的手机依赖程度最低ꎮ (3)大学生体育活动等级和手机依赖等级存在一定相关性ꎬ从小运动量 到中等运动量ꎬ学生的手机依赖程度明显下降ꎬ但大运动量的手机依赖程度反而有所回升ꎮ [结论]体育运动可以有效降低学 生对手机的依赖程度ꎬ尤其以每周 3~ 5 次、持续 30~ 59 min 的中等强度运动为宜ꎮ
英文摘要:
      [Objective] To explore the relationship between smart phone dependenceꎬ sports cognition and sports behavior of college students. [Methods] 686 college students were investigated and analyzed by using sports cognition and behavior questionnaire and smart phone dependence questionnaire.[Results] (1)the general scores of college students′ sports cogni ̄ tion and behavior are lowꎬ which shows their disinclination to physical exercises. Most of them like to exercise after dinner and before going to bed. The overall level of sports activity is lowꎬ with smaller amount of exercise. Among themꎬ female students′ sports activityies significantly lower than that of male studentsꎬ and that of liberal arts students is significantly low ̄ er than that of scienceꎬ arts and sports students. The sports activity of students from counties is significantly lower than that of students from big cities. (2) College students generally have moderate smart phone dependenceꎬ but there is no significant difference in genderꎬ major and source of students. Among themꎬ sophomores have the highest smart phone dependenceꎬ and freshmen have the lowest. (3) There is a certain correlation between sports activity and smart phone dependence for college students. From smaller to medium amount of exerciseꎬ smart phone dependence decreases obviouslyꎬ but smart phone de ̄ pendence picks up along with larger amount of exercise. [Conclusion] sports can effectively reduce students′dependence on smart phonesꎬ and the moderate exercise of 30-59 minutes at 3-5 times a week is particularly effective.
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