文章摘要
方志荣,曹 宇.以“学生为主体”的水分析化学实验教学方式改革探索[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2020,34(3):121-124.
以“学生为主体”的水分析化学实验教学方式改革探索
On Student-oriented Teaching Reform for WaterAnalytical Chemistry Experiment
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 教学改革  “以学生为主体”  预实验  学生助教  水分析化学实验
英文关键词: teaching reform  student-oriented  pre-experiment  student teaching assistant  water analytical chemistry experiment
基金项目:
作者单位
方志荣,曹 宇 西昌学院资源与环境学院四川 西昌 615013 
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中文摘要:
      传统的实验教学多采用“老师讲学生听,老师做学生看,学生做老师管,交报告判成绩”的模式,学生总是被动地去做实验,甚至有的学生实验课时不动手、课后抄袭别人的实验报告,实验课达不到提高学生多种能力的最佳效果。在水分析化学实验教学改革中牢固树立以“学生为主体”的教学思想,通过学生参加课前预实验、课堂实施“学生助教”制、规范实验报告书写等措施,使学生的学习兴趣、语言表达能力、操作技能、分析和解决问题的能力、创新能力等分别得到了不同程度的提高。
英文摘要:
      Traditional experiment teaching usually follows a routine in which students just listen and watch when teachers impart knowledge and perform experiment, and students are under strict supervision while doing experiment and are subject to teachers' evaluation of their experimental reports, so students are reluctant to try experiments or even plagiarize others' reports, and the experiment courses often fail the teaching goals of developing students' multiple abilities. Setting a solid "student-oriented" principle, we carry out a teaching reform for water analytical chemistry experiment by promoting students' activities such as preliminary experiments before class, "teaching assistant" practice during class, and standardized experiment reports. As a result, different degrees of improvement are seen in students' study interest, language skills, operational skills, abilities to analyze and solve problems, and innovations, etc.
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