文章摘要
马 味,胡金频,郝红英,陈世琼.民族地区大学生计算机应用能力现状及培养实践探索——以西昌学院少数民族学生为例[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2020,34(3):99-102.
民族地区大学生计算机应用能力现状及培养实践探索——以西昌学院少数民族学生为例
On Present Computer Skills and Education Practice of College Students in Ethnic Minority Regions:ACase Study of Minority Students in Xichang University
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 计算机应用能力 雨课堂+MOOC 精准扶错
英文关键词: computer skill  RainClassroom + MOOC  targeted error correction
基金项目:四川省彝族文化研究中心项目(YZWH1933)。
作者单位
马 味,胡金频,郝红英,陈世琼 西昌学院四川 西昌 615000 
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中文摘要:
      大学计算机基础课程已经从计算机专业的基础课程,上升为大学各专业的通识教育必修课程。基于计算思维的提出,很多高校对该课程进行了改革,提出很好的教学方案。而我校彝族学生由于自身原因,不能照搬照用,只能因材施教。通过教师访谈和学生在线问卷调查,分析计算机基础课程学习与应用中存在的问题,采取课程内容碎片化,知识点串联,任务驱动,案例分析,雨课堂+MOOC,精准扶错等教学方法并应用到实际教学中,采用科学的研究方法验证其效果。
英文摘要:
      University basiccomputer courses have been upgraded from basic coursesfor computer majors to compulsory courses of general education for all majors in auniversity. Based on the idea of computational thinking, many colleges and universities have reformed these courses and developed good teaching plans. However, for their specificsituations, Students from ethnic areas in our university can't be educated according to those plans, and they must be taught based on their aptitudes. Through interviews with teachers and online questionnaire survey onstudents, we analyze the problems in learning and application of theknowledge and skills inbasic computer courses. In actual teachings we adopt methods such as fragmentation of course contents, connection of knowledge points, task-driving, case analysis, rain classroom + MOOC, accurate error correction and others, and employscientific research methods to verify the teaching effects.
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