文章摘要
汪 辉1 ,张晓敏 1 ,董刘斌 2 ,瞿福焕 3.安徽省中小学生校外体育参与现状及对策分析[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2020,34(3):70-77.
安徽省中小学生校外体育参与现状及对策分析
Situation and Countermeasures of School Students' Participation in Off-campus Sports inAnhui Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 安徽省  中小学生  校外体育培训  校外体育锻炼  校外体育竞赛  体育参与
英文关键词: school student  off-campus sports training  off-campus physical exercise  off-campus sports competition  participation in sports
基金项目:2017年度安徽省高等学校人文社科研究重点项目(SK2017A0989);2017年安徽省教学研究一般项目(2017jyxm1349);2019年度安徽省高校优秀青年人才支持计划项目(gxyq2019064)。
作者单位
汪 辉1 ,张晓敏 1 ,董刘斌 2 ,瞿福焕 3 1.合肥师范学院体育科学学院安徽 合肥 2306012.合肥经开实验学校安徽 合肥 2306013.合肥市教育科学研究院安徽 合肥 230000 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]调查安徽省中小学生校外体育培训、体育锻炼及体育竞赛等校外体育参与现状,分析安徽省中小学生校外体育参与的影响因素,探讨安徽省中小学生校外体育治理途径。[方法]向安徽省16个地级市中小学生发放问卷3 920份,用SPSS20.0软件进行统计描述,采用统计学分析对不同性别学生校外体育参与的情况进行比较。[结果](1)参与校外体育培训的学生比例不高,超过50%的安徽省中小学生没有参加任何培训,男、女生在参与校外体育培训方面的人数比例差异具有统计学意义 (x 2 =70.119,P<0.05)。(2)经常参加校外体育锻炼的学生比例较低仅为24.22%,偶尔参加和不参加校外体育锻炼的学生分别占61.56%和14.22%,男、女生在参加校外体育锻炼的人数比例差异具有统计学意义(x 2 =102.357,P<0.05)。(3)经常参加校外体育竞赛的学生比例较低仅为11.87%,偶尔参加和从不参加校外体育竞赛的学生分别占47.17%和40.96%,男、女生在参加校外体育竞赛方面的人数比例差异具有统计学意义(x 2 =9.465,P<0.05)。[结论]当前安徽省中小学生参与校外体育培训、体育锻炼及体育竞赛的总体比例不高、性别差异显著、不同学段差别较大,学生对校外体育参与的期望主要在于增加青少年体育活动组织等软件需求、体育场地设施保障等硬件需求及科学健身指导需求。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] To investigate the status quo of students' participation in off-campus sports in Anhui province, such as physical training, physical exercise and sports competition, analyze its influencing factors, and discuss solutions to its management. [Methods]3 920 questionnaires were distributed to school students in 16 prefectural cities in Anhui province, and 3 699 of them were recovered and valid. SPSS20.0 software was used for statistical description, and statistic analysis was used to compare the participations of both genders. [Results] The proportion of students participating in training was small, more than 50% of them did not participate in any training, and the proportion of both genders was statistically significant (x 2 =70.119, P<0.05). The proportion of students frequently participating in physical exercise was only 24.22%, while those occasionally and rarely participating accounted for 61.56% and 14.22% respectively. The difference in participations of both genders was statistically significant (x 2 =102.357, P<0.05). The proportion of students frequently participating in competitions was only 11.87% , while those occasionally and never participating accounted for 47.17% and 40.96% respectively. The difference between both genders participating in competitions was statistically significant (x 2 =9.465, P<0.05), etc.. [Conclusion] The proportion of present school students participating in off-campus sports trainings, physical exercises and sports competitions was low, and there's significant difference between genders and different schooling stages. School students' expectations for off-campus sports are demands for the increase of youth sports organizations, the guarantee for sports facilities, and the guidance for scientific fitness training.
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