| [Objective] To investigate the status quo of students' participation in off-campus sports in Anhui province, such as physical training, physical exercise and sports competition, analyze its influencing factors, and discuss solutions to its management. [Methods]3 920 questionnaires were distributed to school students in 16 prefectural cities in Anhui province, and 3 699 of them were recovered and valid. SPSS20.0 software was used for statistical description, and statistic analysis was used to compare the participations of both genders. [Results] The proportion of students participating in training was small, more than 50% of them did not participate in any training, and the proportion of both genders was statistically significant (x 2 =70.119, P<0.05). The proportion of students frequently participating in physical exercise was only 24.22%, while those occasionally and rarely participating accounted for 61.56% and 14.22% respectively. The difference in participations of both genders was statistically significant (x 2 =102.357, P<0.05). The proportion of students frequently participating in competitions was only 11.87% , while those occasionally and never participating accounted for 47.17% and 40.96% respectively. The difference between both genders participating in competitions was statistically significant (x 2 =9.465, P<0.05), etc.. [Conclusion] The proportion of present school students participating in off-campus sports trainings, physical exercises and sports competitions was low, and there's significant difference between genders and different schooling stages. School students' expectations for off-campus sports are demands for the increase of youth sports organizations, the guarantee for sports facilities, and the guidance for scientific fitness training.