文章摘要
吴薇.知识势差模型下运动处方课程教学改革探析[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2019,33(4):116-119.
知识势差模型下运动处方课程教学改革探析
Analyses on Teaching Reform of the Exercise Prescription Course underKnowledge Potential Difference Model
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 知识势差模型  运动处方课程  教学改革
英文关键词: Knowledge Potential Difference Model  exercise prescription course  teaching reform
基金项目:绵阳师范学院教学改革项目:就业视域下运动处方课程的教学改革与实践(Mnu-JY1778)。
作者单位
吴薇 绵阳师范学院体育与健康教育学院四川 绵阳 621000 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]运动处方课程是体育学类专业开设的一门新兴应用性课程,通过分析该课程各教学环节特点及现状,提出教学改 革思路及优化方案,为提升整体教学效果提供理论参考。[方法]以知识势差模型视角剖析运动处方课程教学中的知识势、知 识阻、连接反馈机制等因素。[结果]运动处方课程知识传导效率、教学效果与主体间的知识势差成正相关关系;由于信息不确 定、考核不完善、教学信息传导不准确等原因,可能导致该课程在教学过程中产生知识传导损耗现象,从而减少教学的有效能 量,降低知识传导的效率;同时学习环境营造对知识的传授会产生一定影响。[结论]师生知识势差、传播介质类型及知识传播 产生的知识阻都会影响运动处方课程课的教学效果,对其进行改善有利于提高课程的教学效果。
英文摘要:
      [Purpose]Exercise prescription course is a newly-emerging application-oriented course in the sports discipline. This paper analyses the characteristics of each link in teaching the course and proposes my idea and an optimization plan for the teaching reform to offer theoretical guidelines for improving the teaching results. [Methods] Analysis on the factors influencing the teaching of sports prescription course under the knowledge potential difference model. [Results] There is a positive correlation between knowledge transmission efficiency, teaching result and knowledge potential difference among subjects in the course. In the course of teaching, because of uncertain information, imperfect assessment and inaccurate transmission of teaching information, the loss of knowledge transmission may result, thus reducing the effective teaching energy and the efficiency of knowledge transmission. The fashioning of teaching environment may affect the dissemination of knowledge. [Conclusion]The knowledge potential difference between teachers and students, the type of communication media and the knowledge impediment incurred by knowledge dissemination may affect the teaching result of sports prescription course, which can be improved to produce better teaching result of this course.
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