文章摘要
耿刘利,王琦,倪敏,陶雨萍.石油类本科高校科技创新效率分析[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2019,33(4):24-30.
石油类本科高校科技创新效率分析
Analysis on the Efficiency of Technological Innovations in Petroleum Universities
  
DOI:
中文关键词: DEA-Malmquist  科技创新  石油高校  全要素生产率
英文关键词: DEA-Malmquist  technological innovation  petroleum universities  total factor productivity
基金项目:安徽省2018年省级质量工程项目大规模在线开放课程(MOOC)示范项目(2018mooc164)、教学研究项目(2018jyxm0600); 滁州学院本科教学质量与教学改革工程项目(2018jyc045、2018kcgg043、2018jyc047、2018jyc050);滁州学院优质在线 开放课程培育项目(2018kcpy001)
作者单位
耿刘利,王琦,倪敏,陶雨萍 石油类本科高校科技创新效率分析 
摘要点击次数: 29
全文下载次数: 41
中文摘要:
      运用DEA-BCC模型和DEA-Malmquist指数模型分析方法,对2007-2016年我国石油类本科高校的科技创新效率进行 测度评价。结果表明:静态来看,2016年我国石油类本科高校科技创新综合效率、规模效率和纯技术效率均没有能够达到 DEA有效,且各石油高校存在显著的差异性。石油高校科技创新资源配置规模与结构是提升科技创新综合效率的重要要 素。从动态来看,大部分石油本科高校科技创新效率全要素生产率具有明显下降趋势,科技创新技术进步指数和技术效率变 化指数两者较低是导致石油本科高校科技创新全要素生产率有所下降的重要原因。提升我国石油本科高校的科技创新效率 应该逐步完善高校科研管理机制,培育高端技术科研人才;瞄准能源领域科技前沿,深化高校科技创新供给;加强产学研合作, 推进科技创新成果市场转化 。
英文摘要:
      By using DEA-BCC model and DEA-Malmquist index model, we make a comprehensive comparative analysis of the overall static and dynamic efficiency of technological innovations in China's petroleum universities from 2007 to 2016. The results show that all comprehensive, scale and pure efficiencies of technological innovations in China's petroleum universities in 2016 fall short of DEA, and apparent discrepancies exist between universities. The scale and structure of resource allocations are key to the comprehensive efficiency of technological innovations. From a dynamic perspective, the total factor productivity of the innovation efficiency of most petroleum universities is decreasing conspicuously, and the lower indexes of technological progress and change of technological efficiency are important factors contributing to the decline of total factor productivity of technology innovations. To improve the efficiency of innovations, we should improve the management of scientific research in universities, educate high-end technical and research talents, target at the frontiers of energy science and technology, increase supplies for university innovations, strengthen cooperation between industry, university and research organization, and promote the marketization of the innovations.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭