文章摘要
张晰祥,李军华*,彭艺茹.卷烟主要化学成分与感官质量相关性分析[J].西昌学院学报(自然科学版),2019,(4):20-23.
卷烟主要化学成分与感官质量相关性分析
Analysis on the Correlation between Major Chemical Elements andSensory Qualities of Cigarettes
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 卷烟  化学成分  感官质量  典型相关分析  逐步回归分析
英文关键词: cigarette  chemical components  sensory quality  canonical correlation analysis  stepwise regressionanalysis
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作者单位
张晰祥,李军华*,彭艺茹 四川中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心四川 成都 610000 
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中文摘要:
      为研究卷烟化学成分及其比例对卷烟感官质量(评吸结果)的影响,对四川中烟主要品牌的卷烟进行样本抽取并测定水 溶性总糖、总氮、烟碱、钾、氯等主要化学成分含量,并计算糖碱比、糖氮比、钾氯比等相关化学指标,同时进行感官质量评价,对 卷烟的化学指标和感官评吸指标进行相关分析和回归分析,研究化学指标与感官质量之间的相互关系。结果表明:卷烟感官 评吸指标中的香气、杂气、刺激性、余味均与糖氮比、糖碱比、总糖呈极显著正相关,但与氯、钾、总氮呈极显著负相关;对卷烟感 官质量(香气、杂气、刺激性、余味)影响较大的化学指标依次为:糖氮比>总糖>糖碱比>钾>氯>总氮;逐步回归分析结果表 明:卷烟的糖氮比对卷烟香气、刺激性、余味的变化有显著影响,总糖对杂气的变化有显著影响。
英文摘要:
      : To study the effect of chemical composition and proportion on smoking sensory quality of cigarettes, major brands of cigarettes in China Tobacco Sichuan Industrial Company were sampled to determine their major chemical elements and the sensory qualities. Correlation analysis and regression analysis were conducted on the chemical indexes and sensory evaluation indexes of cigarettes. The results showed that the aroma, impurities, irritation and aftertaste of cigarette sensory evaluation indicators were positively correlated with sugar-nitrogen ratio, sugar-nicotine ratio and total sugar, and negatively correlated with chlorine, potassium and total nitrogen. The chemical indexes affecting the sensory qualities of cigarettes (aroma, impurities, irritation and aftertaste) are: sugar-nitrogen ratio > total sugar > sugar-nicotine ratio > potassium > chlorine > total nitrogen. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the sugar-nitrogen ratio of cigarettes had a significant effect on the changes of cigarette aroma, irritation and aftertaste, and the total sugar had a significant effect on the changes of impurities.
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